Second home mortgage loans have different rules, requirements and rates for most borrowers looking to refinance their second house, vacation home or investment property. For people who are lucky enough to have a second home, you will always have some unique challenges. One of the issues that can come up at some point is refinancing the second house. Before embarking on your journey to buy a second home, it’s crucial to explore the available second home mortgage programs, assess your financial situation, and consult with a mortgage professional.
If you are seeking to refinance a vacation home that you occupy, then you will likely receive a competitive second home mortgage rate that is lower than it would be if you did not occupy the property. If you want to refinance a vacation home then your timing is good, because market rates are affordable and credit standards are more flexible than they have been in the past on 2nd home loans.
Popular Refinance Programs with the Best Second Home Mortgage Rates Online
Investing in a second home, whether it’s a vacation retreat, rental property, or a place to accommodate a growing family, is an exciting endeavor. To make it a reality, you’ll need a second home loan, and fortunately, several popular programs cater to your specific needs. Here, we explore some of these programs that offer financing solutions for second homes.
Conventional Second Home Loans – Conventional loans, not backed by the government, are widely used for primary and secondary residences. To qualify for a conventional second home loan, you’ll typically need a credit score of 620 or higher. Down payments can range from 5% to 20%, with 10% being a common requirement for second homes.
Portfolio Loans – Check the latest second home financing opportunities from private lenders that offer portfolio mortgage options that boast of favorable second home mortgage rates and aggressive LTV requirements.
FHA – While Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans are primarily associated with first-time homebuyers, they can also be used for second homes. FHA loans are known for their lenient credit requirements. These loans generally require a minimum credit score of 580 with a 3.5% down payment. Keep in mind that FHA loans have mortgage insurance premiums, which will increase your monthly expenses.
VA – For eligible veterans and active-duty service members, a VA loan can be used to finance a second home. VA financing offers competitive second home mortgage rates, require no down payment, and have lenient credit requirements. However, they are subject to specific occupancy and eligibility criteria.
HELOC vs. Home Equity Loan – Another financing option for a second home is using the equity in your primary residence. Home equity loans and home equity lines of credit or HELOCs allow you to borrow against the equity you’ve built in your current home. The advantage of this approach is that it doesn’t require a new mortgage. Instead, it leverages the equity you’ve accumulated in your primary residence. Keep in mind that this strategy comes with some risk, as you’re putting your primary home on the line if you can’t make payments.
Consider New Opportunities from Second Home Loan Programs that Enable Refinancing Investment and Vacation Homes with Less Equity and Lower Credit Scores than in Previous Mortgage Programs.
When considering this type of transaction, most homeowners have a few questions usually beginning with what are the current second home mortgage rates?
There are many companies that offer mortgages to refinance a second home, but many of these companies will charge a premium. In many instances you do not have to pay significantly higher interest rates when refinancing a second home, but you have to find the lenders that do the volumes of these higher risk loan products. It should not be a surprise that second home mortgage rates can vary depending upon your credentials, like equity, credit ratings, debt to income ratio, etc.
Underwriters typically require more equity when evaluating an application to refinance an investment property loan. They consider an investment property a higher risk, mostly because the default rate is higher. This can also translate to a higher interest rate. So with that being said it is very important to determine whether you are trying to refinance an owner-occupied 2nd home or an investment property prior to submitting an application with a mortgage company. Shop and compare today’s refinance rates and mortgage rates for second homes now.
3 Secrets to Second Home Mortgage Refinancing
Recent years have been a good opportunity to refinance a second home because mortgage rates have rarely been lower. However, there are some other things to know about to get the best deal when you are doing a refinance on a second home:
#1 Check Your Equity Before You Refinance a Second Home
Many financial experts advise on focusing on how much equity you have in the second home, rather than interest rates. These days, you can still get a second home mortgage for 4% or less if you have good credit. However, for a second home, the amount of equity in the property is often more important than rate.
If you have more equity, you are more likely to be able to do a mortgage refinance it. But if you owe more on the home than it is worth, you will not be able to refinance it in most cases. You can however try to refinance the property through the US government’s HARP program for 100% mortgages. It was designed with underwater homeowners in mind. It is important that you discuss your goals with credible lenders and brokers that have significant experience helping people refinance a second home.
#2 Consider a Fixed Rate Second Home Mortgage
Many experts advise a fixed rate on a second home so you never need to worry about second home rates going up. Remember that the rates for a second home are usually at least .50 higher than the rates on a primary home. We suggest that you check second home mortgage rates today.
You also need to be sure that the home qualifies as a second home or you can get hit with a penalty when you go to refinance. This means usually that the home has to be a certain distance from your main home. In most cases, your second home has to be at least 50 miles from your first home.
Also, the second home must be used by you and family for at least 14 days per year. Once you can establish that this house is a second home, you will be able to qualify for the best interest rates for second homes. Please note that a second home loan is different than a second mortgage.
#3 Improve Your Credit Score
It is easier to get a second home refinance today than it was five years ago, but credit standards have tightened up a good deal. To get yourself the best second home rates and to make sure that you can refinance your second home at all, you should have a credit score of at least 680. If you are seeking a no-doc or bank statement loans, then you may need to speak with “stated-income mortgage lenders”, that specialize in these niche 2nd home mortgage products.
Also, be certain that your debt to income ratio is under 42%. These tips are the most important things to remember if you are refinancing your second home.
Should You Buy a Second Home?
But if you are still considering getting a second home at all, we think you should think about it very carefully. For certain people, having two homes can make a lot of sense. Below are some considerations if you are weighing the purchase of a second home:
- You need cash reserves. You need not be in the top 1% of the US to do it, but if you want to get a mortgage for a second home, you need to show the bank that you have plenty of cash. Underwriters want to see that you have at least six months of payment reserves for both properties before the loan will be approved.
- You will generally need to put at least 20% down for your second home, and it could be more.
- Your debt load must be reasonable. You will have to take on a lot more debt to get another home, and lenders will be watching that debt load carefully. Usually, the DTI level will be the top issue for the underwriter. You do not want your total debt to go above 42% of your total income. One way to increase your income and lower the DTI ratio is to rent out the property when you are not there.
- Renting out a property does not always work out. There are cases where the second home could sit empty for much of the year when you are not there. If you were depending upon that income to make your mortgage payments, you could have problems. Check out the latest lending standards on cash out loans for investment properties.
- Be prepared for the worst if you rent it out. Whether it is a high end or low end second home, if you rent the property out when you are not there, things can and will go wrong. People regardless of income level will not maintain a rental property like they will their own, so you want to have a lot of cash reserves to deal with any unforeseen problems. Some serious problems can unfold from sloppy renters and the resulting damages can go far beyond the security deposit.
Congress has been proposing some tax reform initiatives that could have an impact on the second home mortgage deduction. Find out if the proposed government changes will hinder your ability to deduct the mortgage interest on second homes, rental homes and investment properties.
Tax Ramifications of Second Home Mortgage Loans
Obtaining a mortgage for a second home can have potential tax advantages. However, the specific tax consequences can vary based on whether the IRS categorizes the property as a personal residence or a rental property. The IRS designates a property rented for 14 days or less annually as a personal residence. If your second home meets the criteria as a personal residence, you may be eligible for tax deductions on mortgage interest.
The Bottom Line on Second Home Refinancing
Owning a second home can be a great opportunity to have your own vacation spot which you also may be able to rent out when you are not there. If you want to refinance your vacation home or rental property, remember the above tips to get the lowest possible second home mortgage rate.
If you are still thinking about getting a second home, be sure you do your financial homework to be sure that it really is a good idea. You do not want to own a second home if you are going to be financially stretched to maintain it. But if you have the finances, it can be a great way to get the most out of life.
The right program for your second home depends on various factors, such as your credit score, down payment capabilities, and the location and use of the property. With careful planning and research, you can make that second home dream a reality.