One of the most common questions we hear all the time is: What are the FHA credit score requirements?
For years there was “No minimum credit score for FHA loans.” A few years back, HUD made some guideline changes and instituted a 500 minimum credit score for FHA loan programs.
Keep in mind that most lenders, brokers or banks will implement their own FHA minimum credit score requirements and in most cases its higher than 500. You see, the Federal Housing Administration allows HUD approved lending companies to add layers to the baseline FHA loan requirements.
Anyone who wants to buy a home and has credit challenges will likely be considering a loan that is guaranteed by the Federal Housing Administration or FHA. If you are considering purchasing a house this year, it is important to know what the minimum credit score for FHA financing is so you can plan and save accordingly.
The reality is that minimum credit score for FHA loan programs will vary depending upon which HUD-approved mortgage lender you are speaking with. You see even though FHA only requires a 500 minimum credit score, many lenders will create their own minimum credit score for FHA loans because they do not wish to take on a risk that big.
These FHA first time home loans are quite easy to qualify for and open the possibility of home ownership for millions of people who otherwise would have trouble qualifying for a loan.
As of today, you need to have a credit score of at least 500 to get a home loan from FHA. If you want to make the minimum down payment of only 3.5%, you will need a credit score of 580 or higher.
However, poor credit borrowers should realize that many FHA approved lenders will require you to have credit scores of 620 to 640 to get an FHA mortgage. Individual lenders have the flexibility to have stricter lending criteria which is frequently higher than the minimum credit score for FHA mortgage loans.
Some experts think that FHA may ease lending standards more in 2017 and this could allow hundreds of thousands more families to buy a home.
How Was FHA’s Policy Updated?
FHA recently added another type of evaluation of potential lenders. The current policy has been to compare an FHA mortgage lender with another FHA lender in the same part of the country. This is called the FHA compare ratio.
If the lender had 150% more loans that paid late than other lenders in the region, it could get removed from the FHA approved lender list.
Many lenders had a problem with this standard. If some lenders in the area have higher FHA credit standards than theirs and a lower default rate, other lenders in the area would look worse.
This led to lenders increasing their minimum score required as high or higher as other lenders in the area. So the credit standards continued to creep up, which goes against the purpose of the entire FHA mortgage program.
Under this system, an FHA lender could be kicked off the FHA program if the lender across town raised its credit score minimum to 680 from 640.
Now, there is another layer of evaluation by FHA. The Federal Housing Administration will look separately at loans that are paid late based upon credit scores of under 640; between 640-680 and more than 680.
This should help borrowers with lower credit scores to qualify for loans. The lender will no longer risk losing its FHA approved status if its lower credit score loans perform in similar fashion to other loans in the same score bracket. Also, the comparison is going to be made around the country and not just in a single geographic area.
Under the new rules FHA will compare a lender’s higher default rate with lower credit score loans to the national average for all loans under 640. This makes it more likely that the lender will be able to continue to do business with lower credit score borrowers.
Keep in mind that it may take time for the new FHA minimum credit score policy to be rolled out. Lenders often wait for other lenders to implement the new guidelines to see how things shake out.
If you are a lower credit score borrower, you could be talking to some lenders who have adopted the new standard while others have not. So. It will pay to shop around and get quotes from several lenders.
Why People Turn to FHA Mortgage Loans
Conventional loans that are offered by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are good products but they are fairly strict on lending criteria. If you have credit under 700, you may have difficulty getting a loan approved. The FHA credit score requirement is almost always easier to meet than Fannie or Freddie lending guidelines. The FHA minimum credit score has always been lower and in 2017 we continue to see that FHA mortgages are easier to qualify for in most instances.
FHA allows many more people to get approved for a loan with these criteria:
- Poor credit from 500 to 620
- Low income
- Income from several sources
- Co-borrowers who may not live in the home
- Ability to get down payment from gift funds
- Homes that need repairs
Without FHA, many more American families would have to pay rent for many years more. However, there are still ways that FHA can expand home ownership to more Americans. The Department of Housing and Urban Development has made strong efforts to preserve FHA minimum credit score requirements to stimulate the housing sector in the U.S.
Another very helpful part of the FHA program today is that it recently increased the maximum loan amount that FHA will insure to $424,100. So even if you are buying a quite expensive home, you may be able to get an FHA loan. If the home is in an expensive area such as California, the maximum FHA loan limit is $625,000. So with even expensive homes in expensive areas of the US, an FHA loan is still a good possibility.
The Bottom Line on FHA Credit Scores and Qualifying Criteria
Anyone with poor to average credit who wants to buy a home should talk to several FHA mortgage lenders right away. If you have a credit score at least in the low 600’s, you should be able to find many FHA approved lenders who can get you approved for a mortgage.
It will always benefit you to talk to a lot of lenders because some lenders may be able to offer you a lower rate on a certain loan product. FHA approved lenders have considerable leeway in their lending criteria.
Even if you have a credit score that is under 600, do not lose hope. There are still some FHA mortgage companies out there who may approve your loan. Under the new lending criteria mentioned above, there will probably be even more FHA approved lenders in 2017 and beyond that will work with poor credit borrowers.
How FHA Helps Home Buyers with Bad Credit Get Approved for Affordable Mortgage Loans
There are many potential home owners in America who still are suffering from low credit scores left over from the mortgage meltdown a few years back.
For far too many Americans, job loss, foreclosures and bankruptcy really hurt their credit scores. Even nearly 10 years after the meltdown, there are still millions of people renting a place to live. Home ownership is still near record lows for the last 50 years.
But despite what you think, you may still be able to get a home loan with bad credit. That is right. You may be able to get approved with bad credit to get an affordable mortgage loan.
Why Do FHA Loans Work for People with Bad Credit?
FHA mortgage loans were first offered in the Great Depression. Since then, FHA has helped 40 million families to buy a home. It is so popular because it has very flexible loan criteria. This program was built from the start during the Depression to get home people into their own homes. The federal government sees it as desirable for Americans to own their home rather than rent, if they can afford the mortgage payment.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are popular programs for first time home buyers but their financing options are not as flexible with credit and income criteria as FHA home loans. FHA mortgages offer a potential solution to bad credit buyers to get approved. Here’s how:
- Credit scores as low as 500 are allowed; more loan options are available to those with 620 to 640 credit
- Lower level of income
- Income from several sources. FHA loans are very popular for the self employed
- You can have co-borrowers who are not going to live in the house
- You may get most or all of your down payment in the form of a gift
- Homes that need substantial repair may qualify