Arizona is one of the fastest-growing states in the U.S., growing by nearly 2% between 2017 and 2018 alone. In fact, Arizona had the fourth-largest growth rate in the country in that same time, and the state has seen its population expand by nearly 7% since 2014, which is also one of the highest rates in the country.
All those new Arizona residents need a place to live, which means the state has also seen the housing market heat up over the past few years. Many people across Arizona may be confused about different mortgage terms or simply wish to learn more about what resources are available in Arizona for homebuyers.
Let’s explore more details about the state of the housing market in Arizona and how friendly the state is for homebuyers.
Arizona Home Mortgage Options
For people looking to purchase a home, digging through the various options for getting a mortgage can make your head spin and knowing which options are right for you means doing an honest assessment of your financial history and expected future.
Can you afford a 20% down payment? Do you qualify for a VA loan? Is your credit score high enough? Everyone has a unique situation, but here are a few of the terms you’ll likely encounter when you apply for a mortgage in Arizona and what they mean:
- Not guaranteed by any government agency
- Usually requires at least 5% down payment up to 20%
- Generally carries lower interest rate
- Requires good credit score, which varies by lender but is generally at least 640
- Issued by private lender but insured or guaranteed by a federal authority, such as the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Each agency has specific requirements and terms.
- Lower down payment amount, which varies, but usually around 3.5%
- Lower credit score requirement of 580
- Generally comes with higher interest rate
The typical homebuyer will opt for a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, which means the person repays the loan over 30 years at a rate that does not change. In fact, as many as 90% of homebuyers choose that type of loan. But that’s not the only option. Here are a few others:
ARM: In an adjustable-rate mortgage, the interest the homebuyer is charged changes over time based on a metric or index the lender and buyer agree on. Homeowners who intend to put their homes on the market after making some improvements will often choose this type of program, as they do not intend to stay for the long-term.
5/1 ARM: In this 30-year mortgage, the interest rate is fixed for the first five years of the term and varies every year after that based on an agreed-upon index. While the rate varies, most of these loans include a cap on how drastically the rate can rise.
15-year: With this type of mortgage, you will repay the loan in half the time of a traditional 30-year mortgage, so you will pay less money in interest over the life of the loan, though your monthly payment will be much higher.
Other terms to know
The type and length of your mortgage are not the only things to consider when applying for a loan to purchase a new home. Here are a few other terms Arizona homebuyers need to be aware of:
Mortgage insurance: Protecting the lender in the event that the buyer defaults on the loan, mortgage insurance is an additional monthly amount paid by the borrower until they have paid off at least 20% of the total loan cost.
Equity: This term refers to the difference between the amount that’s left to pay on your mortgage and the value of the property. That’s why borrowers who are able to put down a healthy down payment are said to have better equity. Changes in property values also can increase the equity in a home.
Closing costs: These are one-time fees paid before a buyer can take over possession of a home. This varies by state and county as well as based on the value of the home. These costs include fees charged by the buyer’s lender, Realtor commissions, title fees and transfer taxes. Most buyers will pay at least 2% of the home’s purchase price in closing costs.
Housing Market in Arizona
Arizona ranks fourth among all states when it comes to both the sheer number of additional residents between 2017 and 2018 and the percentage of growth.
Top 10 states by numeric growth, 2017-2018
Top 10 states by percentage growth, 2017-2018
Population growth is helping increase activity in the home sales and prices across the state of Arizona. Home values in Arizona have risen by more than 7% over the past five years, about a percentage point higher than the overall U.S. increase. In just the past year, home values have risen nearly 6%, which puts Arizona at No. 12 in the nation.
Top 10 states by year-over-year increase in median home value
Not only are homes becoming more valuable in Arizona, they are selling faster. Today, the typical home that sells in Arizona is on the market for just two months; compare that to 2014, when the typical time on the market was 84 days, nearly three months.
Arizona median days on market, annual averages
Several cities in Arizona are helping push the state’s place among the nation’s hottest housing markets. For instance, the Phoenix-Mesa metro area posted the 15th-highest median sales price increase among all U.S. major metro areas. Other cities, such as Hereford and Youngtown, have seen huge spikes in price over just the past couple of years.
Top 25 Arizona cities by median sales price change, 2016-2018
|San Tan Valley||28%|
Resources for Arizona Homebuyers
Several programs exist to assist individuals with securing a mortgage, making a down payment or other necessities of home ownership in Arizona. Some of these are programs unique to Arizona or cities in the state, while others are federal programs available across the country.
HOME Plus Program: This program, administered by the Arizona Industrial Development Authority, provides 30-year mortgages and down payment assistance to qualified buyers, and the program offers many different tiers of assistance, depending on the buyers’ credit score and other factors.
Home in Five Advantage: This program provides up to 7% down payment and closing cost assistance to buyers in Maricopa County.
Pima Tucson Homebuyer’s Solution: This is a conventional loan program that includes the option of down payment assistance for individuals with a household income under $99,000 who are buying in Pima County.
FHA: The U.S. government sets loan limits for FHA-backed mortgages that vary by county and type of dwelling. In Arizona, the loan limit is $314,827 for single-family dwellings in all counties except Coconino County, where the single-family loan limit is $362,250.
USDA: The USDA Rural Development Single Family Housing Direct Loan Program sets income and property eligibility limits. Generally, properties in non-rural areas, or those in communities with populations of at least 35,000, are not eligible. In Arizona, individuals are considered low income at various levels depending on where they live:
- Flagstaff metro area: $56,000
- Lake Havasu City metro area: $47,300
- Phoenix-Mesa metro area: $55,300
- Prescott metro area: $48,800
- Tucson metro area: $48,500
- Sierra Vista metro area: $46,700
- Yuma metro area: $40,550
- Apache County: $39,350
- Gila County: $41,050
- Graham County: $45,900
- Greenlee County: $48,100
- La Paz County: $39,350
- Navajo County: $39,350
- Santa Cruz County: $39,350
VA: The Department of Veterans Affairs has no cap on what veterans can borrow, but the department does have limits on the amount the VA will back. These limits vary by county and are based on the value of the home. For single-family dwellings in Arizona, the limit is $453,100 for all counties.
The dream of homeownership can often seem like an uphill battle, to say the least. From affording your ideal house to navigating the confusing maze of financing options, it’s enough to make anybody’s head spin. But the hot housing market in Arizona may well be worth the investment of time and money.
- Zillow, Economic Data. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.zillow.com/research/data/
- U.S. Census Bureau, National Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2018. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/popest/2010s-national-total.html
- Arizona Department of Housing, Homeownership Assistance. (Undated). Retrieved from https://housing.az.gov/homeownership-assistance-0
- U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, FHA Mortgage Limits. (Undated). Retrieved from https://entp.hud.gov/idapp/html/hicostlook.cfm
- U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Development Single Family Housing Direct Home Loans in Arizona. (Undated). Retrieved from https://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/single-family-housing-direct-home-loans/az
- U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Home Loans, Loan Limits. (Undated). Retrieved from https://www.benefits.va.gov/homeloans/purchaseco_loan_limits.asp